Eureka and the Micronaut Framework - Microservices Service Discovery

Use Netflix Eureka service discovery to expose your Micronaut applications.

Authors: Sergio del Amo

Micronaut Version: 3.7.0

1. Getting started

In this guide, we will create three microservices and register them with Netflix Eureka service discovery. You will discover how the Micronaut framework eases Eureka integration.

2. What you will need

To complete this guide, you will need the following:

  • Some time on your hands

  • A decent text editor or IDE

  • JDK 1.8 or greater installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

3. Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

4. Writing the Application

Let’s describe the microservices:

  • bookcatalogue - It returns a list of books. It uses a domain consisting of a book name and ISBN.

  • bookinventory - It exposes an endpoint to check whether a book has sufficient stock to fulfil an order. It uses a domain consisting of a stock level and ISBN.

  • bookrecommendation - It consumes previous services and exposes an endpoint which recommends book names which are in stock.

Initially we will hard-code the addresses where the different services are in the bookcatalogue service.

hardcoded

As shown in the previous image, the bookcatalogue hardcodes references to its collaborators.

In the second part of this guide we will use a discovery service.

The services register when they start up:

discovery service registration

When a service wants to do a request to other service, it uses the discovery service to retrieve the address.

discovery service flow

4.1. Enable annotation Processing

If you use Java or Kotlin and IntelliJ IDEA, make sure to enable annotation processing.

annotationprocessorsintellij

4.2. Catalogue Microservice

Create the bookcatalogue microservice using the Micronaut Command Line Interface or with Micronaut Launch.

mn create-app --features=discovery-eureka,graalvm example.micronaut.bookcatalogue --build=gradle --lang=kotlin
If you don’t specify the --build argument, Gradle is used as the build tool.
If you don’t specify the --lang argument, Java is used as the language.

If you use Micronaut Launch, select Micronaut Application as application type and add the discovery-eureka and graalvm features.

The previous command creates a directory named bookcatalogue and a Micronaut application inside it with default package example.micronaut.

If you have an existing Micronaut application and want to add the functionality described here, you can view the dependency and configuration changes from the specified features and apply those changes to your application.

Create a BooksController class to handle incoming HTTP requests into the bookcatalogue microservice:

bookcatalogue/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BooksController.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get

@Controller("/books") (1)
class BooksController {

    @Get (2)
    fun index(): List<Book> = listOf(
            Book("1491950358", "Building Microservices"),
            Book("1680502395", "Release It!"),
            Book("0321601912", "Continuous Delivery:"))
}
1 The class is defined as a controller with the @Controller annotation mapped to the path /books.
2 The @Get annotation maps the index method to /books requests that use an HTTP GET.

The previous controller responds a List<Book>. Create the Book POJO:

bookcatalogue/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/Book.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Introspected
data class Book(@NotBlank val isbn: String,
                @NotBlank val name: String)

Write a test:

bookcatalogue/src/test/kotlin/example/micronaut/BooksControllerTest.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.type.Argument
import io.micronaut.http.HttpRequest
import io.micronaut.http.client.HttpClient
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.test.extensions.junit5.annotation.MicronautTest
import jakarta.inject.Inject
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertTrue
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test

@MicronautTest (1)
class BooksControllerTest {

    @Inject
    @field:Client("/")
    lateinit var client: HttpClient (2)

    @Test
    fun testRetrieveBooks() {
        val request: HttpRequest<*> = HttpRequest.GET<Any>("/books") (3)
        val books = client.toBlocking().retrieve(request, Argument.listOf(Book::class.java)) (4)

        assertEquals(3, books.size)
        assertTrue(books.contains(Book("1491950358", "Building Microservices")))
        assertTrue(books.contains(Book("1680502395", "Release It!")))
    }
}
1 Annotate the class with @MicronautTest so the Micronaut framework will initialize the application context and the embedded server. More info.
2 Inject the HttpClient bean and point it to the embedded server.
3 Creating HTTP Requests is easy thanks to the Micronaut framework fluid API.
4 Parse easily JSON into Java objects.

Edit application.yml

bookcatalogue/src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  application:
    name: bookcatalogue (1)
1 Configure the application name. The name will be use by the discovery service.

Modify the Application class to use dev as a default environment:

The Micronaut framework supports the concept of one or many default environments. A default environment is one that is only applied if no other environments are explicitly specified or deduced.

bookcatalogue/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/Application.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.context.env.Environment.DEVELOPMENT
import io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut.build

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
    build()
        .args(*args)
        .packages("example.micronaut")
        .defaultEnvironments(DEVELOPMENT)
        .start()
}

Create src/main/resources/application-dev.yml. The Micronaut framework applies this configuration file only for the dev environment.

bookcatalogue/src/main/resources/application-dev.yml
micronaut:
  server:
    port: 8081 (1)
1 Configure the application to listen on port 8081

Create a file named application-test.yml which is used in the test environment:

bookcatalogue/src/test/resources/application-test.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: false

Run the unit test:

bookcatalogue
./gradlew test

4.3. Inventory Microservice

Create the bookinventory microservice using the Micronaut Command Line Interface or with Micronaut Launch.

mn create-app --features=discovery-eureka,graalvm example.micronaut.bookinventory --build=gradle --lang=kotlin
If you don’t specify the --build argument, Gradle is used as the build tool.
If you don’t specify the --lang argument, Java is used as the language.

If you use Micronaut Launch, select Micronaut Application as application type and add the discovery-eureka and graalvm features.

The previous command creates a directory named bookinventory and a Micronaut application inside it with default package example.micronaut.

If you have an existing Micronaut application and want to add the functionality described here, you can view the dependency and configuration changes from the specified features and apply those changes to your application.

Create a Controller:

bookinventory/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BooksController.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Produces
import java.util.Optional
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Controller("/books") (1)
open class BooksController {

    @Produces(TEXT_PLAIN) (2)
    @Get("/stock/{isbn}") (3)
    open fun stock(@NotBlank isbn: String): Boolean? =
        bookInventoryByIsbn(isbn).map { (_, stock) -> stock > 0 }.orElse(null)

    private fun bookInventoryByIsbn(isbn: String): Optional<BookInventory> {
        if (isbn == "1491950358") {
            return Optional.of(BookInventory(isbn, 4))
        }
        if (isbn == "1680502395") {
            return Optional.of(BookInventory(isbn, 0))
        }
        return Optional.empty()
    }
}
1 The class is defined as a controller with the @Controller annotation mapped to the path /books.
2 By default a controller response uses application/json as Content-Type. We are returning a String, not a JSON object. Because of that, we set it to text/plain.
3 The @Get annotation maps the index method to /books/stock/{isbn} requests that use an HTTP GET.

The previous controller uses a POJO:

bookinventory/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookInventory.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Introspected
data class BookInventory(@NotBlank val isbn: String,
                         val stock: Int)

Write a test:

bookinventory/src/test/kotlin/example/micronaut/BooksControllerTest.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.HttpRequest
import io.micronaut.http.HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND
import io.micronaut.http.HttpStatus.OK
import io.micronaut.http.client.HttpClient
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.http.client.exceptions.HttpClientResponseException
import io.micronaut.test.extensions.junit5.annotation.MicronautTest
import jakarta.inject.Inject
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertThrows
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertTrue
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test

@MicronautTest
class BooksControllerTest {

    @Inject
    @field:Client("/")
    lateinit var httpClient: HttpClient

    @Test
    fun testBooksController() {
        val rsp = httpClient.toBlocking().exchange(
                HttpRequest.GET<Any>("/books/stock/1491950358"), Boolean::class.java)
        assertEquals(OK, rsp.status())
        assertTrue(rsp.body())
    }

    @Test
    fun testBooksControllerWithNonExistingIsbn() {
        val thrown = assertThrows(HttpClientResponseException::class.java) {
            httpClient.toBlocking().exchange(HttpRequest.GET<Any>("/books/stock/XXXXX"), Boolean::class.java)
        }
        assertEquals(NOT_FOUND, thrown.response.status)
    }
}

Edit application.yml

bookinventory/src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  application:
    name: bookinventory (1)
1 Configure the application name. The name will be used later in the guide.

Modify the Application class to use dev as a default environment:

The Micronaut framework supports the concept of one or many default environments. A default environment is one that is only applied if no other environments are explicitly specified or deduced.

bookinventory/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/Application.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.context.env.Environment.DEVELOPMENT
import io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut.build

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
    build()
        .args(*args)
        .packages("example.micronaut")
        .defaultEnvironments(DEVELOPMENT)
        .start()
}

Create src/main/resources/application-dev.yml. The Micronaut framework applies this configuration file only for the dev environment.

bookinventory/src/main/resources/application-dev.yml
micronaut:
  server:
    port: 8082 (1)
1 Configure the application to listen on port 8082

Create a file named application-test.yml which is used in the test environment:

bookinventory/src/test/resources/application-test.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: false

Run the unit test:

bookinventory
./gradlew test

4.4. Recommendation Microservice

Create the bookrecommendation microservice using the Micronaut Command Line Interface or with Micronaut Launch.

mn create-app --features=discovery-eureka,reactor,graalvm example.micronaut.bookrecommendation --build=gradle --lang=kotlin
If you don’t specify the --build argument, Gradle is used as the build tool.
If you don’t specify the --lang argument, Java is used as the language.

If you use Micronaut Launch, select Micronaut Application as application type and add the discovery-eureka, reactor, and graalvm features.

The previous command creates a directory named bookrecommendation and a Micronaut application inside it with default package example.micronaut.

If you have an existing Micronaut application and want to add the functionality described here, you can view the dependency and configuration changes from the specified features and apply those changes to your application.

Create an interface to map operations with bookcatalogue, and a Micronaut Declarative HTTP Client to consume it.

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookCatalogueOperations.kt
package example.micronaut

import org.reactivestreams.Publisher

interface BookCatalogueOperations {
    fun findAll(): Publisher<Book>
}
bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookCatalogueClient.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Recoverable
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher

@Client("http://localhost:8081") (1)
@Recoverable(api = BookCatalogueOperations::class)

interface BookCatalogueClient : BookCatalogueOperations {

    @Get("/books")
    override fun findAll(): Publisher<Book>
}
1 Use @Client to use declarative HTTP Clients. You can annotate interfaces or abstract classes. You can use the id member to provide a service identifier or specify the URL directly as the annotation’s value.

The client returns a POJO. Create it in the bookrecommendation:

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/Book.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Introspected
data class Book(@NotBlank val isbn: String,
                @NotBlank val name: String)

Create an interface to map operations with bookinventory, and a Micronaut Declarative HTTP Client to consume it.

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookInventoryOperations.kt
package example.micronaut

import reactor.core.publisher.Mono
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

interface BookInventoryOperations {
    fun stock(@NotBlank isbn: String): Mono<Boolean>
}
bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookInventoryClient.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Consumes
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Recoverable
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Client("http://localhost:8082") (1)
@Recoverable(api = BookInventoryOperations::class)

interface BookInventoryClient : BookInventoryOperations {

    @Consumes(TEXT_PLAIN)
    @Get("/books/stock/{isbn}")
    override fun stock(@NotBlank isbn: String): Mono<Boolean>
}
1 Use @Client to use declarative HTTP Clients. You can annotate interfaces or abstract classes. You can use the id member to provide a service identifier or specify the URL directly as the annotation’s value.

Create a Controller which injects both clients.

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookController.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher
import reactor.core.publisher.Flux

@Controller("/books") (1)
class BookController(
        private val bookCatalogueOperations: BookCatalogueOperations,
        private val bookInventoryOperations: BookInventoryOperations) {  (2)

    @Get (3)
    fun index(): Publisher<BookRecommendation> =

        Flux.from(bookCatalogueOperations.findAll())
                .flatMap { b ->
                    Flux.from(bookInventoryOperations.stock(b.isbn))
                            .filter { hasStock -> hasStock }
                            .map { b }
                }.map { (_, name) -> BookRecommendation(name) }
}
1 The class is defined as a controller with the @Controller annotation mapped to the path /books.
2 Constructor injection
3 The @Get annotation maps the index method to /books requests that use an HTTP GET.

The previous controller returns a Publisher<BookRecommendation>. Create the BookRecommendation POJO:

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookRecommendation.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Introspected
data class BookRecommendation(@NotBlank val name: String)

BookCatalogueClient and BookInventoryClient will fail to consume the bookcatalogue and bookinventory during the tests phase.

Using the @Fallback annotation you can declare a fallback implementation of a client that will be picked up and used once all possible retries have been exhausted

Create @Fallback alternatives in the test classpath.

bookrecommendation/src/test/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookInventoryClientStub.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.context.annotation.Requires
import io.micronaut.context.env.Environment.TEST
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Fallback
import jakarta.inject.Singleton
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Requires(env = [TEST]) (1)
@Fallback
@Singleton
open class BookInventoryClientStub : BookInventoryOperations {

    override fun stock(@NotBlank isbn: String): Mono<Boolean> {
        if (isbn == "1491950358") {
            return Mono.just(true) (2)
        }
        if (isbn == "1680502395") {
            return Mono.just(false) (3)
        }
        return Mono.empty() (4)
    }
}
1 Make this fallback class to be effective only when the Micronaut environment TEST is active
2 Here we arbitrarily decided that if everything else fails, that book’s stock would be true
3 Similarly, we decided that other book’s stock method would be false
4 Finally, any other book will have their stock method return an empty value
bookrecommendation/src/test/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookCatalogueClientStub.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.context.annotation.Requires
import io.micronaut.context.env.Environment.TEST
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Fallback
import jakarta.inject.Singleton
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher
import reactor.core.publisher.Flux

@Requires(env = [TEST])
@Fallback
@Singleton
class BookCatalogueClientStub : BookCatalogueOperations {

    override fun findAll(): Publisher<Book> {
        val buildingMicroservices = Book("1491950358", "Building Microservices")
        val releaseIt = Book("1680502395", "Release It!")
        return Flux.just(buildingMicroservices, releaseIt)
    }
}

Write a test:

bookrecommendation/src/test/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookControllerTest.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.core.type.Argument
import io.micronaut.http.HttpRequest
import io.micronaut.http.client.HttpClient
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.test.extensions.junit5.annotation.MicronautTest
import jakarta.inject.Inject
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test
import org.junit.jupiter.api.condition.DisabledIfEnvironmentVariable

@MicronautTest
class BookControllerTest {

    @Inject
    @field:Client("/")
    lateinit var client: HttpClient

    @DisabledIfEnvironmentVariable(named = "CI", matches = "true")
    @Test
    fun testRetrieveBooks() {
        val books = client.toBlocking().retrieve(HttpRequest.GET<Any>("/books"),
            Argument.listOf(BookRecommendation::class.java))
        assertEquals(1, books.size)
        assertEquals("Building Microservices", books[0].name)
    }
}

Edit application.yml

bookrecommendation/src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  application:
    name: bookrecommendation (1)
1 Configure the application name. The name will be used later in the guide.

Modify the Application class to use dev as a default environment:

The Micronaut framework supports the concept of one or many default environments. A default environment is one that is only applied if no other environments are explicitly specified or deduced.

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/Application.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.context.env.Environment.DEVELOPMENT
import io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut.build

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
    build()
        .args(*args)
        .packages("example.micronaut")
        .defaultEnvironments(DEVELOPMENT)
        .start()
}

Create src/main/resources/application-dev.yml. The Micronaut framework applies this configuration file only for the dev environment.

bookrecommendation/src/main/resources/application-dev.yml
micronaut:
  server:
    port: 8080 (1)
1 Configure the application to listen on port 8080

Create a file named application-test.yml which is used in the test environment:

bookrecommendation/src/test/resources/application-test.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: false

Run the unit test:

bookrecommendation
./gradlew test

4.5. Running the application

Run bookcatalogue microservice:

bookcatalogue
./gradlew run
14:28:34.034 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 499ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8081

Run bookinventory microservice:

bookinventory
./gradlew run
14:31:13.104 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 506ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8082

Run bookrecommendation microservice:

bookrecommendation
./gradlew run
14:31:57.389 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 523ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8080

You can run a cURL command to test the whole application:

curl http://localhost:8080/books
[{"name":"Building Microservices"}]

5. Eureka and the Micronaut framework

Eureka is a REST (Representational State Transfer) based service that is primarily used in the AWS cloud for locating services for the purpose of load balancing and failover of middle-tier servers.

5.1. Eureka Server

Spring-Cloud-Netflix provides a very neat way to bootstrap Eureka. To bring up Eureka server using Spring-Cloud-Netflix:

  • Clone the sample Eureka server application.

  • Run this project as a Spring Boot application (e.g. import into IDE and run main method, or use mvn spring-boot:run or ./gradlew bootRun). It will start up on port 8761 and serve the Eureka API from /eureka.

5.2. Book Catalogue

Append to bookcatalogue service application.yml the following snippet:

bookcatalogue/src/main/resources/application.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: true
    defaultZone: "${EUREKA_HOST:localhost}:${EUREKA_PORT:8761}"

Previous configuration registers a Micronaut application with Eureka with minimal configuration. Discover a more complete list of configuration options at EurekaConfiguration.

5.3. Book Inventory

Append to bookinventory.application.yml the following snippet:

bookinventory/src/main/resources/application.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: true
    defaultZone: "${EUREKA_HOST:localhost}:${EUREKA_PORT:8761}"

5.4. Book Recommendation

Append to bookrecommendation.application.yml the following snippet:

bookrecommendation/src/main/resources/application.yml
eureka:
  client:
    registration:
      enabled: true
    defaultZone: "${EUREKA_HOST:localhost}:${EUREKA_PORT:8761}"

Modify BookInventoryClient and BookCatalogueClient to use the service id instead of a hardcoded URL.

bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookCatalogueClient.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Recoverable
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher

@Client(id = "bookcatalogue") (1)
@Recoverable(api = BookCatalogueOperations::class)

interface BookCatalogueClient : BookCatalogueOperations {

    @Get("/books")
    override fun findAll(): Publisher<Book>
}
1 Use the configuration value micronaut.application.name used in bookcatalogue as service id.
bookrecommendation/src/main/kotlin/example/micronaut/BookInventoryClient.kt
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Consumes
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import io.micronaut.retry.annotation.Recoverable
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono
import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@Client(id = "bookinventory") (1)
@Recoverable(api = BookInventoryOperations::class)

interface BookInventoryClient : BookInventoryOperations {

    @Consumes(TEXT_PLAIN)
    @Get("/books/stock/{isbn}")
    override fun stock(@NotBlank isbn: String): Mono<Boolean>
}
1 Use the configuration value micronaut.application.name used in bookinventory as service id.

5.5. Running the Application

Run bookcatalogue microservice:

bookcatalogue
./gradlew run
14:28:34.034 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 499ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8081

Run bookinventory microservice:

bookinventory
./gradlew run
14:31:13.104 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 506ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8082

Run bookrecommendation microservice:

bookrecommendation
./gradlew run
14:31:57.389 [main] INFO  io.micronaut.runtime.Micronaut - Startup completed in 523ms. Server Running: http://localhost:8080

You can run a cURL command to test the whole application:

curl http://localhost:8080/books
[{"name":"Building Microservices"}]

Open http://localhost:8761 in your browser.

You will see the services registered in Eureka:

eurekaui

You can run a cURL command to test the whole application:

curl http://localhost:8080/books
[{"name":"Building Microservices"}]

6. Generate a Micronaut Application Native Executable with GraalVM

We will use GraalVM, the polyglot embeddable virtual machine, to generate a native executable of our Micronaut application.

Compiling native executables ahead of time with GraalVM improves startup time and reduces the memory footprint of JVM-based applications.

Only Java and Kotlin projects support using GraalVM’s native-image tool. Groovy relies heavily on reflection, which is only partially supported by GraalVM.

6.1. Native executable generation

The easiest way to install GraalVM on Linux or Mac is to use SDKMan.io.

Java 11
sdk install java 22.1.0.r11-grl
If you still use Java 8, use the JDK11 version of GraalVM.
Java 17
sdk install java 22.1.0.r17-grl

For installation on Windows, or for manual installation on Linux or Mac, see the GraalVM Getting Started documentation.

After installing GraalVM, install the native-image component, which is not installed by default:

gu install native-image

To generate a native executable using Gradle, run:

./gradlew nativeCompile

The native executable is created in build/native/nativeCompile directory and can be run with build/native/nativeCompile/micronautguide.

It is possible to customize the name of the native executable or pass additional parameters to GraalVM:

build.gradle
graalvmNative {
    binaries {
        main {
            imageName.set('mn-graalvm-application') (1)
            buildArgs.add('--verbose') (2)
        }
    }
}
1 The native executable name will now be mn-graalvm-application
2 It is possible to pass extra arguments to build the native executable

Start the native executables for the three microservices and run the same curl request as before to check that everything works with GraalVM.

7. Next steps

Read more about Eureka Support in the Micronaut framework.

8. Help with the Micronaut Framework

The Micronaut Foundation sponsored the creation of this Guide. A variety of consulting and support services are available.