Secure a Micronaut application with LinkedIn

Learn how to create a Micronaut application and authenticate with LinkedIn.

Authors: Sergio del Amo

Micronaut Version: 3.6.0

1. Getting Started

In this guide, we will create a Micronaut application written in Groovy.

2. What you will need

To complete this guide, you will need the following:

  • Some time on your hands

  • A decent text editor or IDE

  • JDK 1.8 or greater installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

3. Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

4. OAuth 2.0

4.1. Create a LinkedIn App

linkedin create app

4.2. Add Sign in with LinkedIn Product

linked in sign in with linked in
linkedin add signin with linked popup

4.3. Configure Authorized Redirect URL

Go to the Auth tab.

linked in auth
  • Save your client id and client secret. You will need them to configure your Micronaut applications.

  • Register http://localhost:8080/oauth/callback/linkedin. By creating a client named linkedin in the Micronaut application, route /oauth/callback/linkedin is registered.

  • After you add Add Sign in with LinkedIn the scopes r_liteprofile and r_emailaddress will appear. We will configure the Micronaut application to request scope r_liteprofile.

5. Writing the Application

Create an application using the Micronaut Command Line Interface or with Micronaut Launch.

mn create-app example.micronaut.micronautguide \
    --features=security-oauth2,security-jwt,views-thymeleaf,reactor \
    --build=gradle --lang=groovy
If you don’t specify the --build argument, Gradle is used as the build tool.
If you don’t specify the --lang argument, Java is used as the language.

The previous command creates a Micronaut application with the default package example.micronaut in a directory named micronautguide.

If you use Micronaut Launch, select Micronaut Application as application type and add security-oauth2, security-jwt, views-thymeleaf, and reactor features.

If you have an existing Micronaut application and want to add the functionality described here, you can view the dependency and configuration changes from the specified features and apply those changes to your application.

5.1. Views

Although the Micronaut framework is primarily designed around message encoding / decoding, there are occasions where it is convenient to render a view on the server side.

We’ll use the Thymeleaf Java template engine to render views.

5.2. Home

Create a controller to handle the requests to /. You will display the email of the authenticated person if any. Annotate the controller endpoint with @View since we will use a Thymeleaf template.

src/main/groovy/example/micronaut/HomeController.groovy
package example.micronaut

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.security.annotation.Secured
import io.micronaut.security.rules.SecurityRule
import io.micronaut.views.View

@Controller (1)
class HomeController {

    @Secured(SecurityRule.IS_ANONYMOUS) (2)
    @View('home') (3)
    @Get (4)
    Map<String, Object> index() {
        [:]
    }
}
1 The class is defined as a controller with the @Controller annotation mapped to the path /.
2 Annotate with io.micronaut.security.Secured to configure secured access. The SecurityRule.IS_ANONYMOUS expression will allow access without authentication.
3 Use View annotation to specify which template to use to render the response.
4 The @Get annotation maps the index method to GET / requests.

Create a Thymeleaf template:

src/main/resources/views/home.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <title>Home</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Micronaut - LinkedIn example</h1>

<h2 th:if="${security}">username: <span th:text="${security.name}"></span></h2>
<h2 th:unless="${security}">username: Anonymous</h2>

<nav>
    <ul>
        <li th:unless="${security}"><a href="/oauth/login/linkedin">Enter</a></li>
        <li th:if="${security}"><a href="/logout">Logout</a></li>
    </ul>
</nav>
</body>
</html>

Also, note that we return an empty model in the controller. However, we are accessing security in the Thymeleaf template.

5.3. OAuth 2.0 authorization code grant flow

Here is a high level diagram of how the authorization code grant flow works with an OAuth 2.0 provider such as LinkedIn.

standard oauth

5.4. OAuth 2.0 Configuration

Add the following OAuth2 Configuration:

src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  security:
    authentication: cookie (1)
    token:
      jwt:
        signatures:
          secret:
            generator: (2)
              secret: '${JWT_GENERATOR_SIGNATURE_SECRET:pleaseChangeThisSecretForANewOne}' (3)
    oauth2:
      clients:
        linkedin: (4)
          client-id: '${OAUTH_CLIENT_ID:xxx}' (5)
          client-secret: '${OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET:yyy}' (6)
          scopes:
            - r_liteprofile (7)
          authorization:
            url: https://www.linkedin.com/oauth/v2/authorization (8)
          token:
            url: https://www.linkedin.com/oauth/v2/accessToken (9)
    endpoints:
      logout:
        get-allowed: true (10)
1 Set micronaut.security.authentication to cookie to generate a signed JWT once the user is authenticated. The token is saved in a Cookie and read in subsequent requests.
2 You can create a SecretSignatureConfiguration named generator via configuration as illustrated above. The generator signature is used to sign the issued JWT claims.
3 Change this value to your own secret and keep it safe (do not store this in your VCS).
4 The provider identifier must match the last part of the URL you entered as a redirect URL: /oauth/callback/linkedin.
5 Client Secret. See previous screenshot.
6 Client ID. See previous screenshot.
7 Specify the scopes you want to request. Linked Permission Types let you specify exactly what type of access you need.
8 Map manually the LinkedIn’s Authorization endpoint.
9 Map manually the LinkedIn’s Token endpoint.
10 Accept GET request to the /logout endpoint.

The previous configuration uses several placeholders. You will need to set up OAUTH_CLIENT_ID, OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET environment variables.

export OAUTH_CLIENT_ID=XXXXXXXXXX
export OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET=YYYYYYYYYY

5.5. OAuth 2.0 Details Mapper

We need an HTTP Client to retrieve the user info. Create a POJO to represent a LinkedIn user:

src/main/groovy/example/micronaut/LinkedInMe.groovy
package example.micronaut

import groovy.transform.CompileStatic
import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected
import io.micronaut.core.annotation.NonNull

import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank

@CompileStatic
@Introspected
class LinkedInMe {

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    final String id

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    final String localizedFirstName

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    final String localizedLastName

    LinkedInMe(@NonNull String id,
               @NonNull String localizedFirstName,
               @NonNull String localizedLastName) {
        this.id = id
        this.localizedFirstName = localizedFirstName
        this.localizedLastName = localizedLastName
    }
}

Then, create a Micronaut Declarative HTTP Client to consume LinkedIn Profile endpoint

src/main/groovy/example/micronaut/LinkedInApiClient.groovy
package example.micronaut

import groovy.transform.CompileStatic
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Header
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher

@CompileStatic
@Client(id = 'linkedin') (1)
interface LinkedInApiClient {

    @Get('/v2/me') (2)
    Publisher<LinkedInMe> me(@Header String authorization)  (3) (4)
}
1 Add the id linkedin to the @Client annotation. Later, you will provide URL for this client id.
2 Define a HTTP GET request to /v2/me endpoint.
3 You can return reactive types in a Micronaut declarative HTTP client.
4 You can specify that a parameter binds to a HTTP Header such as the Authorization header.

Specify the URL for the linkedin service.

src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  http:
    services:
      linkedin:
        url: "https://api.linkedin.com"

Create an implementation of OauthAuthenticationMapper. The implementation must be qualified by a name that matches the name present in the client configuration. The value specified in the client configuration is linkedin.

src/main/groovy/example/micronaut/LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper.groovy
package example.micronaut

import groovy.transform.CompileStatic
import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Nullable
import io.micronaut.security.authentication.AuthenticationResponse
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.authorization.state.State
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.token.response.OauthAuthenticationMapper
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.token.response.TokenResponse
import jakarta.inject.Named
import jakarta.inject.Singleton
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono

import static io.micronaut.http.HttpHeaderValues.AUTHORIZATION_PREFIX_BEARER

@CompileStatic
@Named('linkedin') (1)
@Singleton (2)
class LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper implements OauthAuthenticationMapper {

    private final LinkedInApiClient linkedInApiClient

    LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper(LinkedInApiClient linkedInApiClient) { (3)
        this.linkedInApiClient = linkedInApiClient
    }

    @Override
    Publisher<AuthenticationResponse> createAuthenticationResponse(TokenResponse tokenResponse,
                                                                   @Nullable State state) {

        Mono.from(linkedInApiClient.me(AUTHORIZATION_PREFIX_BEARER + ' ' + tokenResponse.accessToken))
                .map(linkedMe -> {
                    Map<String, Object> attributes = [
                            'firstName': linkedMe.localizedFirstName,
                            'lastName': linkedMe.localizedLastName] as Map
                    String username = linkedMe.id
                    return AuthenticationResponse.success(username, Collections.emptyList(), attributes)
                })
    }
}
1 Declare @Named at the class level of a bean to explicitly define the name of the bean.
2 Use jakarta.inject.Singleton to designate a class as a singleton.
3 Use constructor injection to inject a bean of type LinkedInApiClient.

6. Running the Application

To run the application, use the ./gradlew run command, which starts the application on port 8080.

linkedIn

7. Next steps

Read Micronaut OAuth 2.0 documentation to learn more.

8. Help with the Micronaut Framework

The Micronaut Foundation sponsored the creation of this Guide. A variety of consulting and support services are available.