Secure a Micronaut application with LinkedIn

Learn how to create a Micronaut application and authenticate with LinkedIn.

Authors: Sergio del Amo

Micronaut Version: 3.2.7

1. Getting Started

In this guide, we will create a Micronaut application written in Java.

2. What you will need

To complete this guide, you will need the following:

  • Some time on your hands

  • A decent text editor or IDE

  • JDK 1.8 or greater installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

3. Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

4. OAuth 2.0

4.1. Create a LinkedIn App

linkedin create app

4.2. Add Sign in with LinkedIn Product

linked in sign in with linked in
linkedin add signin with linked popup

4.3. Configure Authorized Redirect URL

Go to the Auth tab.

linked in auth
  • Save your client id and client secret. You will need them to configure your Micronaut applications.

  • Register http://localhost:8080/oauth/callback/linkedin. By creating a client named linkedin in the Micronaut application, route /oauth/callback/linkedin is registered.

  • After you add Add Sign in with LinkedIn the scopes r_liteprofile and r_emailaddress will appear. We will configure the Micronaut application to request scope r_liteprofile.

5. Writing the Application

Create an application using the Micronaut Command Line Interface or with Micronaut Launch.

mn create-app --features=security-oauth2,security-jwt,views-thymeleaf,reactor,graalvm example.micronaut.micronautguide --build=maven --lang=java
If you don’t specify the --build argument, Gradle is used as the build tool.
If you don’t specify the --lang argument, Java is used as the language.

If you use Micronaut Launch, select Micronaut Application as application type and add the security-oauth2, security-jwt, views-thymeleaf, reactor, and graalvm features.

The previous command creates a Micronaut application with the default package example.micronaut in a directory named micronautguide.

If you have an existing Micronaut application and want to add the functionality described here, you can view the dependency and configuration changes from the specified features and apply those changes to your application.

5.1. Enable annotation Processing

If you use Java or Kotlin and IntelliJ IDEA, make sure to enable annotation processing.

annotationprocessorsintellij

5.2. Views

Although the Micronaut framework is primarily designed around message encoding / decoding, there are occasions where it is convenient to render a view on the server side.

We’ll use the Thymeleaf Java template engine to render views.

5.3. Home

Create a controller to handle the requests to /. You will display the email of the authenticated person if any. Annotate the controller endpoint with @View since we will use a Thymeleaf template.

src/main/java/example/micronaut/HomeController.java
package example.micronaut;

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller;
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get;
import io.micronaut.security.annotation.Secured;
import io.micronaut.security.rules.SecurityRule;
import io.micronaut.views.View;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

@Controller (1)
public class HomeController {

    @Secured(SecurityRule.IS_ANONYMOUS) (2)
    @View("home") (3)
    @Get (4)
    public Map<String, Object> index() {
        return new HashMap<>();
    }
}
1 The class is defined as a controller with the @Controller annotation mapped to the path /
2 Annotate with io.micronaut.security.Secured to configure secured access. The SecurityRule.IS_ANONYMOUS expression will allow access without authentication.
3 Use View annotation to specify which template to use to render the response.
4 The @Get annotation maps the index method to GET / requests.

Create a Thymeleaf template:

src/main/resources/views/home.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <title>Home</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Micronaut - LinkedIn example</h1>

<h2 th:if="${security}">username: <span th:text="${security.name}"></span></h2>
<h2 th:unless="${security}">username: Anonymous</h2>

<nav>
    <ul>
        <li th:unless="${security}"><a href="/oauth/login/linkedin">Enter</a></li>
        <li th:if="${security}"><a href="/logout">Logout</a></li>
    </ul>
</nav>
</body>
</html>

Also, note that we return an empty model in the controller. However, we are accessing security in the Thymeleaf template.

5.4. OAuth 2.0 authorization code grant flow

Here is a high level diagram of how the authorization code grant flow works with an OAuth 2.0 provider such as LinkedIn.

standard oauth

5.5. OAuth 2.0 Configuration

Add the following OAuth2 Configuration:

src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  security:
    authentication: cookie (1)
    token:
      jwt:
        signatures:
          secret:
            generator: (2)
              secret: '${JWT_GENERATOR_SIGNATURE_SECRET:pleaseChangeThisSecretForANewOne}' (3)
    oauth2:
      clients:
        linkedin: (4)
          client-id: '${OAUTH_CLIENT_ID:xxx}' (5)
          client-secret: '${OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET:yyy}' (6)
          scopes:
            - r_liteprofile (7)
          authorization:
            url: https://www.linkedin.com/oauth/v2/authorization (8)
          token:
            url: https://www.linkedin.com/oauth/v2/accessToken (9)
    endpoints:
      logout:
        get-allowed: true (10)
1 Set micronaut.security.authentication to cookie to generate a signed JWT once the user is authenticated. The token is saved in a Cookie and read in subsequent requests.
2 You can create a SecretSignatureConfiguration named generator via configuration as illustrated above. The generator signature is used to sign the issued JWT claims.
3 Change this value to your own secret and keep it safe (do not store this in your VCS).
4 The provider identifier should match the last part of the URL you entered as a redirect URL /oauth/callback/linkedin
5 Client Secret. See previous screenshot.
6 Client ID. See previous screenshot.
7 Specify the scopes you want to request. Linked Permission Types let you specify exactly what type of access you need.
8 Map manually the LinkedIn’s Authorization endpoint.
9 Map manually the LinkedIn’s Token endpoint.
10 Accept GET request to the /logout endpoint.

The previous configuration uses several placeholders. You will need to set up OAUTH_CLIENT_ID, OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET environment variables.

export OAUTH_CLIENT_ID=XXXXXXXXXX
export OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET=YYYYYYYYYY

5.6. OAuth 2.0 Details Mapper

We need an HTTP Client to retrieve the user info. Create a POJO to represent a LinkedIn user:

src/main/java/example/micronaut/LinkedInMe.java
package example.micronaut;

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Introspected;
import io.micronaut.core.annotation.NonNull;

import javax.validation.constraints.NotBlank;

@Introspected
public class LinkedInMe {

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    private final String id;

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    private final String localizedFirstName;

    @NonNull
    @NotBlank
    private final String localizedLastName;

    public LinkedInMe(@NonNull String id,
                      @NonNull String localizedFirstName,
                      @NonNull String localizedLastName) {
        this.id = id;
        this.localizedFirstName = localizedFirstName;
        this.localizedLastName = localizedLastName;
    }

    @NonNull
    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }

    @NonNull
    public String getLocalizedFirstName() {
        return localizedFirstName;
    }

    @NonNull
    public String getLocalizedLastName() {
        return localizedLastName;
    }
}

Then, create a Micronaut Declarative HTTP Client to consume LinkedIn Profile endpoint

src/main/java/example/micronaut/LinkedInApiClient.java
package example.micronaut;

import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get;
import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Header;
import io.micronaut.http.client.annotation.Client;
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher;

@Client(id = "linkedin") (1)
public interface LinkedInApiClient {

    @Get("/v2/me") (2)
    Publisher<LinkedInMe> me(@Header String authorization);  (3) (4)
}
1 Add the id linkedin to the @Client annotation. Later, you will provide URL for this client id.
2 Define a HTTP GET request to /v2/me endpoint.
3 You can return reactive types in a Micronaut declarative HTTP client.
4 You can specify that a parameter binds to a HTTP Header such as the Authorization header.

Specify the URL for the linkedin service.

src/main/resources/application.yml
micronaut:
  http:
    services:
      linkedin:
        url: "https://api.linkedin.com"

Create an implementation of OauthAuthenticationMapper. The implementation must be qualified by a name that matches the name present in the client configuration. The value specified in the client configuration is linkedin.

src/main/java/example/micronaut/LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper.java
package example.micronaut;

import io.micronaut.core.annotation.Nullable;
import io.micronaut.core.util.CollectionUtils;
import io.micronaut.security.authentication.AuthenticationResponse;
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.authorization.state.State;
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.token.response.OauthAuthenticationMapper;
import io.micronaut.security.oauth2.endpoint.token.response.TokenResponse;
import jakarta.inject.Named;
import jakarta.inject.Singleton;
import org.reactivestreams.Publisher;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Map;

import static io.micronaut.http.HttpHeaderValues.AUTHORIZATION_PREFIX_BEARER;

@Named("linkedin") (1)
@Singleton (2)
public class LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper implements OauthAuthenticationMapper {

    private final LinkedInApiClient linkedInApiClient;

    public LinkedInOauthAuthenticationMapper(LinkedInApiClient linkedInApiClient) { (3)
        this.linkedInApiClient = linkedInApiClient;
    }

    @Override
    public Publisher<AuthenticationResponse> createAuthenticationResponse(TokenResponse tokenResponse,
                                                                          @Nullable State state) {
        return Mono.from(linkedInApiClient.me(AUTHORIZATION_PREFIX_BEARER + ' ' + tokenResponse.getAccessToken()))
                .map(linkedMe -> {
                    Map<String, Object> attributes = CollectionUtils.mapOf(
                            "firstName", linkedMe.getLocalizedFirstName(),
                            "lastName", linkedMe.getLocalizedLastName());
                    String username = linkedMe.getId();
                    return AuthenticationResponse.success(username, Collections.emptyList(), attributes);
                });
    }
}
1 Declare @Named at the class level of a bean to explicitly define the name of the bean.
2 Use jakarta.inject.Singleton to designate a class as a singleton.
3 Use constructor injection to inject a bean of type LinkedInApiClient

6. Running the Application

To run the application, use the ./mvnw mn:run command which starts the application on port 8080.

linkedIn

7. Generate a Micronaut Application Native Image with GraalVM

We will use GraalVM, the polyglot embeddable virtual machine, to generate a native image of our Micronaut application.

Compiling native images ahead of time with GraalVM improves startup time and reduces the memory footprint of JVM-based applications.

Only Java and Kotlin projects support using GraalVM’s native-image tool. Groovy relies heavily on reflection, which is only partially supported by GraalVM.

7.1. Native image generation

The easiest way to install GraalVM on Linux or Mac is to use SDKMan.io.

Java 11
$ sdk install java 21.3.0.r11-grl
If you still use Java 8, use the JDK11 version of GraalVM.
Java 17
$ sdk install java 21.3.0.r17-grl

For installation on Windows, or for manual installation on Linux or Mac, see the GraalVM Getting Started documentation.

After installing GraalVM, install the native-image component, which is not installed by default:

gu install native-image

To generate a native image using Maven, run:

./mvnw package -Dpackaging=native-image

The native image is created in the target directory and can be run with target/application.

Visit localhost:8080 and authenticate with LinkedIn

8. Next steps

Read Micronaut OAuth 2.0 documentation to learn more.

9. Help with the Micronaut Framework

Object Computing, Inc. (OCI) sponsored the creation of this Guide. A variety of consulting and support services are available.